What’s affecting Canada’s real estate and housing market?

Is now a good time to buy or sell your home? 

The answer depends on a lot of factors. Before we get into market conditions, though, let’s all agree March is a bad time to predict what will happen in Canadian real estate. 

  • March 2020: COVID-19 lockdowns begin. Enough said.
  • March 2021: The Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) forecasts the national average home price will hit $665,000 in 2021 and $679,341 in 2022. The average price reached $716,828 the following month.  
  • March 2022: After peaking in February, home prices and home sales fall as the Bank of Canada (BoC) increases its benchmark rate for the first time in 2022. One or two more rate hikes should do it though, right? Right? 

Where is Canada’s housing market headed in 2023? 

In March 2023, the outlook is about as certain as it’s been the last three years. Predicting where the real estate market will go is incredibly difficult. Here are seven factors at play. 

1. The BoC’s benchmark rate

On March 8, after a year of rate hikes that saw the Bank of Canada’s key lending rate rise from 0.25% to 4.5%, the Bank decided to press pause—welcome news for anyone shopping for a mortgage or paying variable interest on a loan. However, uncertainty persists here and south of the border. On March 7, Jerome Powell, chair of the Federal Reserve in the United States, talked about potentially needing to raise rates faster and higher than previously anticipated. However, the collapse of U.S.-based Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) on March 10 put the Fed’s plan back into question. In Canada, news of SVB’s failure sent government bond yields falling. Suddenly, there’s once again talk of rate cuts being in the cards for 2023. 

2. Inflation

The annual rate of inflation has slowed in recent months, falling to 5.9% in January. That’s likely an indication that the Bank’s rate hikes are cooling price increases. However, food costs are up 10.4% from a year ago, and some economists are questioning whether it’s even feasible in the short term to return inflation to its 2% target. Depending on inflation and the Canadian impacts of the SVB failure, the BoC may have to break its rate pause promise—which would further push down home prices. 

3. Mortgage rates

Right now, variable mortgage rates (which are tied to the BoC’s benchmark rate) are higher than fixed rates (which take their cue from five-year government bond yields). Normally, the reverse is true. To complicate matters, fixed rates fell at the beginning of the year and began trending upward again, at least until the U.S. banking crisis sparked by SVB. For now, rates remain volatile. Though home prices have fallen sharply since their peak in February 2022, high rates are negatively impacting mortgage affordability, which limits the amount buyers can borrow for their home purchase. Prices may not recover until affordability improves. 

4. Housing supply

One of the reasons home prices skyrocketed early in the pandemic was that demand exceeded the supply of homes for sale. At the end of February, supply remained tight at 4.1 months (123 days), down from 4.3 months (129 days) in January and well below the long-term average of five months (150 days). An increase in the number of new listings in the spring could keep prices low for longer. In the meantime, some housing experts have observed the return of bidding wars in major cities as buyers compete over a limited number of listings. 

5. Housing builds

The federal and provincial governments want to build new homes fast to alleviate Canada’s housing shortage. How much housing do we need? Last year, the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) said we need an additional 3.5 million homes to be built by 2030 to restore affordability. That’s on top of the 2.3 million housing units we were on track to build. As long as borrowing rates remain high, it will be difficult for developers to build the amount of housing needed. In February, the number of Canadian housing starts grew 13% over the previous month, after having dipped 13% in January. 

6. Rents

Renters are having a tough time, too. In February, the average advertised rent in Canada was just shy of $2,000 (down slightly from November 2022). In Vancouver and Toronto, new tenants can expect to pay more than $2,500 per month for a one-bedroom apartment. The high cost of renting today gives aspiring home owners more incentive to buy, adding fuel to the housing market, while simultaneously limiting their ability to save for a home purchase.  

Sumber: www.moneysense.ca

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